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How Nigeria’s 36 States Fare In HIV Prevalence

How Nigeria’s 36 states fare in HIV prevalence

 

Two South-south states are among the three states with the highest HIV prevalence rate in Nigeria.

 

 

Akwa Ibom tops the prevalence rate chart with about 5.5 per cent of its residents living with the virus. It is followed by Benue which has a prevalence rate of 5.3 per cent while Rivers is third with a prevalence rate of 3.8 per cent.

 

The details were contained in the Nigerian HIV/AIDs Indicator and Impact Survey (NAIIS) whose result was released last week in Abuja.

 

The result shows that about one per cent of Nigerians (1.9 million people) are currently living with HIV/AIDs.

 

This figure, according to the Minister of Health, Isaac Adewole, moves Nigeria from second to the fourth position among countries battling the HIV epidemic.

 

 

With an earlier estimate of about 3.2 million people living with HIV, Nigeria was second after South Africa which ranks first with about 7.1 million people living with HIV.

 

Announcing the NAIIS result in Abuja on Thursday, the Director General of the National Agency for the Control of AIDs (NACA), Sani Aliyu, said the percentage of People Living with HIV among adults is 1.4 per cent (1.9 per cent among females and 0.9 per cent among males.)

 

The National AIDS survey was launched in June 2018 to determine the true distribution of HIV and AIDS, Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C in the country.

 

 

The survey reached around 220,000 people in about 100,000 households and was conducted between July and December 2018.

 

According to the survey, the South-south zone of the country has the highest HIV prevalence, at 3.1 per cent among adults.

 

HIV prevalence is also high in the North-central zone with 2.1 per cent and in the South-east zone, 1.9 per cent.

 

The three regions with lower prevalence rate are the South-west – 1.2 per cent, North-east – 1.1 per cent, and the North-west zone – 0.6 per cent.

 

The Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is a virus that attacks cells in the immune system, which serves as the body’s natural defence against illnesses.

 

Though the popular way of contracting this virus is through vaginal or anal sex, there are other ways. These include sharing of needles or syringes, piercings, tattoos, blood transfusions, semen (cum), or vaginal fluids into open cuts or sores on the body. HIV currently has no cure but can be prevented and managed with proper medication.

 

Below is the full list of states and their HIV prevalence rate.

 

I converted the tables to show prevalence in descending order for ease of reading. USE THESE:

 

States HIV prevalence (%)

Akwa Ibom 5.5

Benue 5.3

Rivers 3.8

Taraba 2.9

Anambra 2.4

Abia 2.1

Cross River 2.0

Enugu 2.0

Nassarawa 2.0

Bayelsa 1.9

Delta 1.9

Edo 1.9

Imo 1.8

Ogun 1.6

Plateau 1.6

FCT 1.6

Lagos 1.4

Gombe 1.3

Adamawa 1.2

Borno 1.2

Kaduna 1.1

Ondo 1.1

Kwara 1.0

Kogi 0.9

Osun 0.9

Oyo 0.9

Ebonyi 0.8

Ekiti 0.8

Niger 0.7

Kano 0.6

Kebbi 0.6

Bauchi 0.5

Zamfara 0.5

Sokoto 0.4

Yobe 0.4

Jigawa 0.3

Katsina 0.3

 

 

HIV prevalence according to Geopolitical zones

 

 

Zones HIV prevalence (%)

South-South 3.1

North-Central 2.1

South-East 1.9

South-West 1.2

North-East 1.1

North-West 0.6

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Dinavir: New Cure For HIV Discovered In Russia

Hope for HIV cure brightens.

 

The Russian Central Research Institute of Epidemiology has developed a new gene therapy medicine for people living with HIV, head of the federal health watchdog Rospotrebnadzor, Anna Popova, said on Wednesday.

 

“The Central Research Institute of Epidemiology of Rospotrebnadzor created a fundamentally new drug for gene therapy, gene prophylactic treatment and molecular vaccination against HIV.

 

“A highly active antiviral drug called Dinavir, which will soon be clinically tested, has been created,” Popova said on the sidelines of an international conference on HIV and AIDS in Moscow.

 

The official noted that Russia was facing a number a number of problems related to treatment of HIV and AIDS, including high prices for treatment and lack of proper medications.

 

This is very much similar to the problems posed by HIV treatment in Nigeria.

 

Millions of people have been infected with HIV since it was first discovered

 

in early 1980s, prompting the development of drugs that would help tackle the deadly virus.

 

 

This is goodnews to Nigeria where it is estimated that every 5 out of 100 persons (5%) has HIV/AIDS. The number of people living with HIV vary from 1 to 12 in every 100 persons in the various states of the the country. In 2004, an estimated 3.2 to 3.8 million Nigerians have been infected by HIV making Nigeria the third highest prevalence rate worldwide; next to South Africa and India.

 

Though the rate of daily infection of HIV has dropped significantly due to efforts of the federal government, civil society organizations, multinational organisations, private individuals, among others; people living with the disease in Nigeria are desperately looking for “HIV cure”.